Does Wearing a Mask Help with Outdoor Allergies? Health Experts Weigh In
“用于帮助停止Covid-19的涂抹的面覆盖物也可以将其作为一种滤除外来物质的方式增加pollen from trees and plants这一原因seasonal allergies，“说Dr. Niket Sonpal，纽约市的内科医生。“当这些物质通过鼻子或嘴进入身体时，它们会导致身体的免疫系统试图通过咳嗽，打喷嚏或进行其他过敏反应来摆脱颗粒。”但是，当你戴上遮盖脸时，它充当了一个“墙壁”，阻碍那些颗粒进入身体和挑衅过敏的粒子。
无论您更喜欢穿手术面罩或布料，您都会收获这些益处，因为所有面部覆盖都有乐于助人的季节性过敏，Purvi Parikh博士，一个过敏医生过敏和哮喘网络. Still, not all masks are created entirely equal—both for stopping the spread of COVID-19 and for protecting against allergens. "Thebest types of masks是那些紧贴嘴里和鼻子的人，以创造密封，阻挡任何外来颗粒进入，“Sonpal博士说。”n95面具are known to be the most effective masks, because of their multiple layers of polypropylene fibers which catch and prevent any outside particles from being breathed in through the nose or mouth." Surgical masks follow suit, experts say.
If you're using a fabric mask—like many do on a daily basis—look for one that has two layers of fabric rather than one, says Dr. Sonpal. "A singular layer is likely to let in more particles than a mask that hastwo separate pieces of fabric或者过滤纸." And, if possible, opt for a mask with adjustable ear straps to ensure you get the most snug fit around the face.
这也很重要洗你的面具Parikh博士说，经常是理想的每天。（医疗级面具不能洗涤，但应该经常修改for the same reason.) When not washed properly, pollen can build up on cloth masks, explains Dr. Sonpal. "When the mask is brought to the nose and mouth, that buildup of pollen can easily be breathed in and result in more severe allergies."
别忘了：有很多方法可以使用你的董事会认证过敏师来提出有效的计划来打击戴着面膜的季节性过敏，这不一定是最有效的解决方案。“当谈到季节性过敏时，一些患有哮喘或呼吸症状，一些遭受眼睛，鼻子，皮肤症状，“Parikh博士说。”最好在赛季早期服用预防药物和定期。“也，keep windows closedduring peak pollen times, particularly the early morning, on windy days, or if someone is mowing the lawn outside. You should alsochange your clothes当你回到家时，然后淋浴以避免与您带来花粉。
If you do experience symptoms, try over-the-counter remedies like nasal spray and oral antihistamines, says Dr. Sonpal. Sinus rinsing can also flush out allergens and remove any pollen, dust, or debris.