女人透过望远镜看

10 Must-Haves for a Night of Stargazing

From telescopes to star charts, these are the right tools allow you to explore a whole new universe from your own backyard.
卡罗琳·比格斯
April 12, 2021
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不管你是一个人还是和一群朋友在一起,stargazingis a creative way to destress and stay connected to the great outdoors. "Stargazing (also called amateur astronomy or backyard astronomy) gets you outside and in touch with the natural world," says astronomerDr. Richard Tresch Fienbergof theAmerican Astronomical Society."It's ideal for quiet contemplation; thinking about the trillions of星系、恒星和行星out there—and the huge distances between them, and the possibility that the universe is teeming with life—helps put our earthly foibles into perspective."

While the most basicstargazing只要凝视天空天文学家查克·克莱弗,系统科学家,就可以在没有任何助手的情况下完成Vera C. Rubin Observatorysays certain tools and equipment can definitely elevate the experience. "With optical assistance from双筒望远镜或者是望远镜,天文学家还有更多的探索,”他解释道在适当的帮助下,天空观测者可以看到moons of Jupiter,的rings of Saturn和沙尘暴Mars."

天文学家称,这些是十大最佳的凝视星光配件。

Vanguard Endeavor ED 10x42 Binoculars
Credit: Courtesy of Amazon

手持双筒望远镜

For a compact and easy-to-carry tool that will greatly enhance your vistas of the moon, Claver says to look no further than a trusty pair of totable binoculars. "Whether they are modest, like those used for birdwatching, or larger ones specifically meant for looking at the night sky, binoculars are a great tool for stargazing," he says. "Smaller low magnification binoculars can be effectively hand held, where larger binoculars should be mounted on a tripod or tracking mount to steady the view to get the most out of the optical advantage over the human eye."

Shop Now: Vanguard Endeavor ED 10x42 Binoculars, $250.94,亚马逊网站.

猎户座反射7x50防水天文望远镜
Credit: Courtesy of Amazon

Astronomy Binoculars

If you're a first-time astronomer, Fienberg says astronomy binoculars offer a beginner-friendly alternative to a telescope. "If you look at the Moon with binoculars, you can see some of its biggest craters and mountains, or aim them at any bright star, and you'll find it surrounded by a host of fainter ones," he explains. "If you see anything that looks slightly fuzzy to your unaided eyes, point your binoculars to it, and it will resolve into a star cluster, or a nebula (an interstellar cloud of gas and dust), or perhaps even a galaxy."

Shop Now: Orion Resolux 7x50 Waterproof Astronomy Binoculars, $249.99,亚马逊网站.

Orion SpaceProbe 130ST Equatorial Reflector Telescope
Credit: Courtesy of Amazon

Tripod Telescope

For backyard stargazers looking for closer views of the stars and planets than binoculars can provide, Fienberg says you'll need a good telescope. "The simplest altazimuth mounts require you to push the telescope up-down (in altitude) and left-right (in azimuth) to aim it, while equatorial mounts tip one axis parallel to Earth's rotation axis, so that once you've aimed the telescope, you need only push it in one direction to keep it aimed at something as our planet spins."

Shop Now: Orion SpaceProbe 130ST Equatorial Reflector Telescope, $349.99,亚马逊网站.

Orion SkyQuest XT6 PLUS f/8 Dobsonian Reflecting Telescope
信用:由Opt公司提供

Dobsonian Telescope

对于一个价格低廉的阿尔塔齐茅斯山望远镜,它易于组装和使用,克莱弗建议使用一台多布森望远镜。”他警告说,有一种趋势是用高科技来扫除,但如果望远镜需要花费大量的时间来安装,很可能最终会收集灰尘我仍然喜欢在露营旅行中把一个多布森尼亚人扔到车里,享受在空中猎杀有趣和有挑战性的物体,而不必大惊小怪。”

Shop Now:猎户座SkyQuest XT6加上f/8 Dobsonian反射望远镜,379.99美元,OPTCRP.com.

Explore Scientific 82° 11mm Waterproof Eyepiece
Credit: Courtesy of Explore Scientific

目镜

目镜有助于转换和放大望远镜产生的图像,以便更清晰地观看。”“目镜有一个特性,叫做“眼部浮雕”,这是从目镜的最后一个镜头到你将眼睛放置的最佳位置的距离,”克莱弗解释说对于戴眼镜的凝视者来说,选择一个长眼睛缓解的目镜可能会非常有用。”

Shop Now: Explore Scientific 82° 11mm Waterproof Eyepiece, $199.99,explorescientificusa.com.

恒星9 x 50直通探测器范围
学分:高分科学

Finder Scope

A finder telescope is a smaller telescope that can be used with your main telescope to help you focus on constellations, as well as specific stars. "Finder telescopes typically have a wide field of view with an illuminated crosshair seen in the eyepiece," Claver explains. "This way, a recognizable pattern of stars can be used to point the main telescope, so that the object of interest becomes visible in the field of view."

Shop Now:Stellarvue 9 x 50直通式查找器范围,白色,$179.99,highpointscientific.com.

NightWatch: A Practical Guide to Viewing the Universe
Credit: Courtesy of Amazon

Star Charts

星图本质上是天空的一个路线图,这就是为什么费恩伯格说,你在实践后院天文学时需要一个你需要一张星图,或者一个星图,它是覆盖整个天空的星图的集合,用来向你展示事物在哪里,这样你就可以把望远镜或望远镜对准它们,”他解释道它们帮助您学习如何识别星座,同时让您对哪些有趣的对象值得寻找的“大图”概念

Shop Now:夜表:一本实用的宇宙观指南,第四版,30.49美元,亚马逊网站.

Orion Star Target Planisphere, in 30-50 degree
信用:特斯拉斯cope提供

平面显示

对于一个廉价的工具,可以帮助你学习the constellations in no time, Fienberg recommends a planisphere. "Also known as star wheels, planispheres are a special kind of star chart that show you a map of the night sky any date or time using a set of overlapping discs," he explains. "Just make sure you get a planisphere that's appropriate to your latitude, as different constellations are visible from different latitudes."

Shop Now: Orion Star Target Planisphere, in 30-50 degree, $9.99,telescope.com.

Rigel Systems Starlight Mini Red Flashlight
Credit: Courtesy of Amazon

Red Light Flashlight

If you plan on going stargazing without a red-light flashlight handy, Claver says you should reconsider. "A flashlight with a red lens can help your eyes adjust to low lighting conditions (dark adaption), so you can navigate in the dark without disturbing your vision or other sky gazers with you," he explains.

Shop Now:Rigel Systems Starlight迷你红色手电筒,25美元,亚马逊网站.

FRDM Vigor Lightweight Liner Gloves
Credit: Courtesy of Amazon

Convertible Gloves

克莱弗说,在寒冷气候下,一副可靠的可转换手套是看星者必备的。”手套提供了在需要时暴露手指的能力,在调整设备时可以起到巨大的帮助,”他说只要确保你可以在必要时把手指盖起来。”

Shop Now: FRDM Vigor Lightweight Liner Gloves, $30,亚马逊网站.