We're setting the record straight about which types of produce require refrigeration.

通过Marie Viljoen
January 07, 2021
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Credit: Frances Kim

新鲜水果和蔬菜是营养丰富的,无论是现代化还是购买。它们也是易腐的。会心如何正确储存生产extends its life, makes the most out of seasonal bounty, and减少食物浪费。Some fruits should be refrigerated at once, but others may not ripen in the cold and are best kept out on the counter,然后冷藏。一些蔬菜应该保持冷静,而其他蔬菜则需要保持在通风的黑暗中。简单地说,还有很多变化,这意味着知道何处,为什么是非常有帮助的。这是我们对如何妥善储存新鲜产品的初步。

A quick aside: The phrase "on the counter" might literally mean the kitchen counter for you, but it can include other storage areas, like beneathyour kitchen island, in a walk-in pantry, in hanging produce baskets, or on an open shelf. In other words, wherever you have room!

不应该存放在冰箱中的水果

杏子,亚洲梨,avocado,香蕉,番石榴,猕猴桃,芒果,甜瓜,油桃,木瓜,西番莲果,花盆,桃子,梨,柿子,菠萝,粉刺,李子,星尘,索尔索,斯科什和柑橘如果留在柜台上会继续成熟。当完美成熟时,它们可以冷藏几天,稍长地扩展他们的实用性(是的,甚至香蕉:虽然他们的皮肤可能变黑水果将是未受破坏的)。

Vegetables That Should Not Be Stored in the Refrigerator

大蒜和洋葱(但不是葱!)仍然在他们的皮肤上可以留在柜台上,但是一旦去皮或切割,让他们裹在冰箱里。将它们与土豆分开,因为土豆发出一些可能导致洋葱萌芽的乙烯。

土豆,芋头,甘薯和尤卡(木薯,Manioc)不应该冷藏。将这些淀粉块在凉爽,黑暗,通风的空间中,松散地堆叠在碗或垃圾箱中,但不在塑料袋(或水分将积聚并且会鼓励模具和恶化)。西红柿(技术上是水果)应该在柜台上遗漏,即使在成熟时(在冷藏时会失去味道)。冬季南瓜(这是壁球与硬壳,如胡桃,delicata,Kabocha)可以留在柜台上或下方。

应该存放在冰箱中的水果

So, what fruits and vegetables should be kept cold? First, some general guidelines for refrigerating produce: For organization and better food preservation in your fridge, use separate, reusable plastic bags, or better yet (for the planet), lidded plastic containers or lightweight stainless steel containers. Do not combine fruits and vegetables in a single container, as ethylene given off by some fruit (like apples, peaches, and pears) can spoil some vegetables (lettuce and crucifers are especially susceptible). Certain groups of produce can be stored together: root vegetables with their leaves removed— like beets, radishes, and turnips—can be combined in a single container. Different柑橘类水果可以保存在一起。沙拉叶(从莴苣到亚洲绿色)可以混合并密封在同一容器中。密封一些产生的产生,给其他类型的房间呼吸:大多数蔬菜(干燥,从不湿)可以在您的集装箱中紧紧包裹或密封,以获得最佳存储。除了软浆果外,整个水果在未密封的容器中会更好。

您打算保持长期(超过一周和最多几个月)的苹果应该被冷藏。他们不必包裹,但他们确实发出乙烯,所以你的其他产品应该保持分开。软浆果往往会迅速破坏,应该在购买几天内吃掉。与此同时,让他们冷,直到你准备好吃它们。浆果列表包括黑莓,蓝莓,蔓越莓,醋栗,葡萄,草莓和覆盆子。

樱桃应该冷却,可以在打开的碗或容器中保持冷藏。虽然一些来源表明在室温下留下柑橘类水果,但如果保持冷藏,我们的经验持续时间明显更长。当保存在生产抽屉中的开放容器中时,果实不需要包裹或密封并最佳。如果保持冷藏,无花果,龙眼,荔枝,山底原和石榴都持续更长时间。(其他热带的热带可以遗漏,直到成熟,然后冷藏直到你准备吃它们。)

蔬菜应该存放在冰箱里

Most vegetables last longer when kept chilled. The list includes: artichokes, asparagus, beans (fresh, unshelled), beets, Belgian endive, broccoli, broccolini, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, celery, chiles, corn, cucumber, eggplant, fennel, herbs, horseradish, jicama, Jerusalem artichoke, kohlrabi, leafy greens, leeks, mushrooms, nopales (cactus paddles), okra, peas, peppers, purslane, radicchio, radishes, rhubarb, roselle, salad leaves, salsify, scallions, spinach, sprouts, summer squash, tomatillos (in an open container).

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